Battles on the Great Wall

The Great Wall of China was initially created as separated walls to guard their land from invasions by different states just before the unification of China. Just after the Qin Dynasty, it took over the majority of the lands, Emperor Qin Shi Huang first created a number of walls and built the initial Great Wall of China. The wall was established to prevent any invasion attempts and savage attacks by the northern nomadic tribes and dynasties. However, Genghis Khan, a well known leader who united northern nomadic tribes, was able to penetrate the wall and conquer northern China, which spread all over the nation later on. Following the Mongol Empire, China was once more back to the leadership of their countrymen; this time, the Ming Dynasty emerged to be one of the strongest nations throughout the history. The Ming Dynasty revived, reconstruct, and more elongated the Great Wall of China under its 10 year project. They adopted the methods used by Mongols to penetrate the walls. They further extended it to the desert where the nomadic tribes utilized to came from. As opposed to the earlier walls, Ming utilized bricks and stones instead of rammed earth to strengthen it, and devoted on reconstruction and fix of the walls as Mongols continued their attempts. This explains why other individuals claim that the construction in the Great Wall of China was finished in 1644 under the Ming Dynasty.

The Wall was purposely built for the aim of protection. They have been at first developed as barriers between states through the Warring Time period, and later amongst the land of Qin Dynasty and also the northern dynasties. Additionally they tactically served, though confirmed not effective in driving away invaders, to slow down invading attempts to penetrate into the Qin land. Even so, unlike other defense mechanisms of any nation these days, the Great Wall of China expenses no quantity on building. Men that physically contributed to constructing the structure received no volume in hand. They had been forced to labor, establishing the Great Wall during the Qin Dynasty. They had been pushed to work as slaves under the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. It has been said that thousands of workers died in fatigue and starvation, and that their bodies had been buried in the wall. Through the early times, the Great Wall of China justified its purpose of stopping war between dynasties, but not until the Mongol invaders penetrated the wall and invade most of China.

One more renowned penetration in the wall was the identified very first Battle of Shanhai Pass in Shanhaiguan in 1644. This is a decisive battle of Qing over the Ming Dynasty, which signaled the end of the Ming Dynasty and crowned Qing to reign over China, making Qing Dynasty the last dynasty in the history of China. In addition, conflicts again arose within the Great Wall of China amongst Chinese and Japanese soldiers.

Throughout the 20th century, the Great Wall of China had witnessed several bloody battles; one of individuals was the second Battle of the Shanhai Pass. In 1901 at Shanhaiguan, the Chinese 626th regiment of the Northeastern Army met the Japanese 8th division using 4 armored trains and 10 tanks supported by warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy IJN 2nd Fleet with a dozen warships offshore.

A Tribute to Priests

Pope Benedict XVI declared a “Year for Priests” beginning with the Solemnity of the Sacred Heart of Jesus on 19 June 2009, which concluded in Rome with an international gathering of priests with the Holy Father from 11-19 June. The main purpose of the Year for Priests is to encourage priests in their “striving for spiritual perfection on which, above all, the effectiveness of their ministry depends” and to highlight “the importance of the priest’s role and mission in the Church and in contemporary society” (Pope Benedict XVI).

As our priests reflect and renew their commitment to Christ and the Church in the Year for Priests, we the laity are also asked to support them through various ways, especially in prayers and to thank the Lord for the gift of priests. Bearing in mind that priests are also human like any one of us, they too need encouragement and affirmation as they give themselves to the service of God’s people and the Church.

Today’s Catholic received many love letters from the faithfuls to priests in the Archdiocese:


Dear Archbishop John Ha,
On behalf of my family I thank you for specially making an effort to focus on the family. You proved that by launching the 5 Year Pastoral Focus on the Family. Your compassion, words of wisdom, patience, encouragement, teaching and homilies have brought comfort and healing to many families and individuals. Personally I have learned a lot from you on discernment, patience and tolerance. I pray that the Almighty God will always grant you good health and strength all the days of your life to enable you to carry out His will. God bless! – Michael Junim


Fr Lawrence Chua,
You have a stern look and your voice sound serious. He who does not know you well will be afraid of you. But behind all these, you are a priest with a big heart; your concern for the well being of your sheep is always on your mind. Your love for God and the Mother of God is clearly imprinted on your face
Father, with a little smile on your face you will change the world and we have witnessed this look again when you celebrated the Pentecost Mass recently. May God bless you always!
– One of your sheep at BSC


Dear Fr Simon,
Thanks a million for what you have done for CHOICE. Without you we will not be what we are today. You were there when we needed you. You are our pillar of strength. CHOICE can never thank you enough for what you have done. – All CHOICEes, Kuching


Dear Fr Nick,
Words cannot express my heartfelt thanks and gratitude for your prayers and support for me when I was ill five years ago. You have been a pillar of strength for me through your counseling and three successive days of prayer sessions. Despite your hectic schedule, you found time to console and to pray. Your compassionate heart is a great source of encouragement. Father, I’m sure countless lives have been touched by your patience, love and kindness. Let me tell that you will always have a special place in the hearts of many. Thank you Father, truly you have made a difference! – Cindy Teo


Dear Fr Stephen Lim,
It’s always a joy to celebrate Mass in church with you.  Know why? I’m not talking about the homily… that’s nothing new because everyone knew you’re the best. The truth is, your mass is never dull. You’re never burnt out or just going through the motions. You always say Mass with passion, with a smile on your face and a glow of goodness in your heart. That’s what is so different. It makes all of us feel welcome and good about ourselves. It also makes us smile in return and that lifts up our spirits and inspires us to serve with a smile too. Father, wherever you may be, our thoughts and prayers are with you.
– Jessie Chua


Dear Fr Joseph Chai,
Thank you for being there when I needed a friend. There was a point where I had no one to turn to spiritually and I was heartbroken to the core. During that toughest time, your words comforted me. You listened to me patiently and prayed for me throughout the years. I believe you are one of the few people besides my family who cared and believed in me. For that, I am constantly encouraged. I will pray for you like you have always prayed for me. Thank you for making me feel special in the eyes of the Lord.
– Taffy Jong


Dear Fr Adrian Kho,
I praise and thank the Almighty for having you as a good, gentle and caring friend. We have known each other since secondary school. Your gentle smile made me realize that we are to be humble to our neighbours. Even though there were times I may have offended you by my words or actions, I will always cherish the friendship that we used to have while we were in school. You may never know how grateful I am to have you as my best and close friend. I really praise the Lord for having you as a true and caring friend.
– Nicholas Goh


I’ve known Archbishop Emeritus Peter Chung for nearly 25 years. He has been a great shepherd; so kind, friendly, has a loving heart, patient and always smiling. I particularly like his powerful homilies, which touched my heart of stone during Mass.
Dear Emeritus, your example of witnessing to the Lord made an impact on me and I have a deep respect for you. May the Lord’s grace and blessings be yours all the rest of your life! – Irene Siaw


Dear Fr Terry,
Thank you for your insightful homilies. They really opened my eyes. They have inspired me to see that as long as I offer my desires, my ambitions, my hopes, and my dreams to him and do my best to love him and others in his name, it’s good enough. God is definitely powerful and merciful enough to mesh his will and my desires for my happiness and those around me. May you grow closer to God everyday in your faith and life, and may the Holy Spirit inspire you to inspire others in His name. Amen. – Thomas Xavier Tan


Dear Fr Vincent Chin,
Never would we thought that we’d receive as much support from you nor any other parish priest by having to bear with the sound of our practice sessions and gatherings that could probably be heard all the way to your house. You’re the best and we would like to continue to thank you again for everything you’ve always done for our church and all its people. – “The grateful little ones”


Dedicated To Dear Fr. Albert Jacobse

When Jesus celebrated His victory over sin and death,
He chose to send gifts to those he set free.
Of the many gifts, he chose to give us YOU.

Our God has sent you to this place,
to lead us in His ways.
No matter the hour; whatever the need,
You always go the extra mile,
ever ready to cheer,
and give a comforting hug.

I’m grateful to God that you’re here with us,
to teach us from His word,
and stand up for what is true and just.

I thank you for being a Priest,
for your guidance and your care,
But above all, I thank you Fr. Albert
for being a dear friend.

When life’s journey became too rough,
and I felt like quitting because life just isn’t fair…
Like a guardian angel, you came to my rescue,
You lifted me up on eagle’s wing,
and said ‘Girl, don’t you dare give up’.
Thank you for always being there.
– Nelly Chin


Dear Fr Stephen Lim,
God has healed me through your anointing prayers. My heart is most thankful for your prayers during my moments of pain and suffering. I thank the good Lord for having you as my Parish Priest, who is so gentle, kind and friendly. Though you’ve been transferred to another Parish, I still cherish your sermons which have touched and moulded me into who I am today; a transformed Catholic. Father, because of you, I now start to evangelize and share the good news of God’s love with my colleagues and friends, for the glory of our Heavenly Father. – Ursula Wong


Dear Fr Martin Wong,
The good Lord works in many mysterious ways and uses many individuals to be His powerful instruments. You are one of those faithful servants. You have helped to build His earthly Kingdom in the Sri Aman and Betong Divisions with full commitment and dedication. I pray the good Lord will always grant you good health and strength. – Michael Junim


Dear Archbishop Emeritus Peter Chung,
Each time I walk up to the college, I thank God for His works through you who have made a difference in the fruitful formation of Local Diocesan Priest and Bishop. – Anonymous


Dear Fr Terry Burke,
You are God sent and make me understand that God is indeed a loving God and not one with a whip in hand, ready to pounce on me with every wrong move I make. Your sermons are very down to earth and I look forward to hearing them. – Ann Wee


Fr Lawrence Chua:
There are so many fond memories of him. To sum it up, I see Christ on him e.g. he practises what he teaches. He is always ready to listen, compassionate, considerate, helpful, non judgemental, soft spoken and the list goes on. Forever greatful and touched. – Grace Lee Chui Ping


Dear Fr Jeppy,
Thank you for your pastorship and guidance. We thank God for His gift of you, being patient, kind, caring, thoughtful, generous, yet humble. We also appreciate your willingness to be used as God’s instrument in reaching out to others. Despite your busy schedule, you never fail to attend to parishioners in need. We pray that God will continue to bless you with wisdom, good health and spiritually. – CTG, Serian


Dear Fr Felix,
Thank you for journeying with us students, and for building us up in faith through the years. It affirms us much to have you as an inspiration in many ways. Our events for the students will not be possible without your positive criticisms and advices. Thank you or being there when we need you and for joining us during events when your presence was what we needed most. May God continue to bless you in your works of faith.– KYCS


Thank you Father for in your hands the Son of God becomes incarnate, thank you Father for when the words spoken, a morsel of bread becomes God, thank you Father for the crosses you carry that I might, that I might become a child of God.
Dedicated to all the priests who know me; and to my beloved Parish Priest, Gospa loves you! – Stella Sayang


Dear Fr Joseph Lee,
It is by God’s grace that you are a kind shepherd, whose heart is filled with compassion and love towards everyone, including animals. I look up to you as my role model. Thank you for your being a friend to me, especially when I am in difficulties. I am forever grateful to you. Please be assured that you are in my prayers always! – Irene Siaw


If you have words of encouragement and appreciation for priests, feel free to drop them in the comment box below.

[Video] Pope: Renew all things in Christ

Pope Benedict XVI recalled Pope Pius X during his weekly general audience on Wednesday.

He said St. Pius X taught us all that the basis of our apostolic activity in the various fields in which we operate, must always be an intimate personal union with Christ, which grows and increases day by day.

The Pope mentioned the motto of the saint’s pontificate, “To Renew All Things in Christ”, and pointed out the early years of his tenure were dedicated to the reorganization of the Roman Curia and the drafting of the Code of Canon Law.

Pius X also promoted the reform of the studies for the training of future priests, and the work towards a single catechism. Pope Benedict also mentioned Pius X’s dedication …

Family Life Conference enhances ties

family-conference-1

KUCHING — More than 400 Catholics in the Archdiocese attended the two full day annual family life conference at the Ecumenical Worship Centre over the weekend of 12-13 June. The conference was conducted in three languages: English, Mandarin and Bahasa Malaysia.

Fr Henry Tseu
Fr Henry Siew

Msgr William Sabang, the Vicar General of Kuching, while celebrating the opening Mass with Fr Henry Siew from Singapore and Fr Patrick Heng, reminded the faithful of “an abiding and guiding spirit sent to the human family”. He quoted Archbishop’s Pastoral letter, “This Christian unity modelled on the Trinity and desired by Christ is realised in the family…”

Continue reading Family Life Conference enhances ties

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